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IELTS Essay Topics With Answers

IELTS Essay Topics With Answers

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By Pallika Abrol|Updated On - 2024-02-28 12:01:48

Learn about the different types of essays in IELTS writing task 2 and get expert tips on how to effectively express your viewpoint in response to the question. Improve your task response, coherence and cohesion, vocabulary,

IELTS Essay Topics With Answers

Topics Covered:

  • Different Types of Essays
  • IELTS Essay Topics for 2024
  • IELTS essay topics with answers
  • Conclusion

IELTS writing task 2 which is similar for both Academic and General Training requires a candidate to write an essay with 250 words. In the essay, a candidate must express their viewpoint in response to the question. The essay must be written in a formal tone and to complete the task you get 40 minutes. 


The IELTS writing task 2 has a higher weightage i.e. 66% than part-1. The essay will be marked on various parameters like task response, coherence and cohesion, vocabulary, and grammar. The common  types of essays are advantages/disadvantages, opinions, solutions, discussions, and direct questions.  It is advised to use synonyms to get a good band score. In this article, we will talk about IELTS essay types and common topics that examiners ask in IELTS writing part 2.


Different Types of Essays

There are five IELTS essay types in writing Task 2:  
 

1. Opinion – Agree/Disagree 


Sample Question:  Students learn more from their teachers in schools and universities than from other means such as the Internet and TV. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


Opinion Essay Question Structure

  • Introduction:  Paraphrase the question and express your viewpoint.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1:  State your 1st reason by supporting it with a valid reason and explanation. Furthermore, end the paragraph with a relevant example.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2:   State the 2nd reason by supporting it with a valid reason and explanation. Furthermore, end the paragraph with a relevant example.
  • Conclusion:  Summarize the essay and give your opinion.  
     

2. Advantages/Disadvantages 


Sample Question:   


Large multinational companies are replacing small businesses. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Advantages/Disadvantages Essay Question Structure

  • Introduction:  Paraphrase the given question and write a thesis statement.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1:  Write 2 advantages and elaborate a little. Give an example with 2nd pointer.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2:  Write 2 disadvantages and elaborate a little. Give an example with 2nd pointer.
  • Conclusion:  Summarize the main points and give your opinion.

3. Problem and Solution 


Sample Question:  


Today, in large cities many people are unaware of their neighbors. What problems does this cause? What can be done about this?


Problem and Solution Essay Question Structure

  • Introduction:  Paraphrase the given question using synonyms without changing its meaning and write a thesis statement.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1:  Write the 2 major problems and explain them.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2:  Write solutions for the problem. Try to give at least 2 solutions with relevant examples for each solution
  • Conclusion:  Summarize the main points discussed in the essay.

4. Discussion – Discuss both views


Sample Question:   


Some people believe that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. While others believe that there are better alternatives to reduce crime in the country.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.


Discussion Essay Question Structure

  • Introduction : Rephrase the statement by not changing its meaning, make a thesis statement, and outline your sentence. 
  • Main body paragraph 1: Discuss the first viewpoint, state whether you agree or disagree, and give an example to support your viewpoint.
  • Main body paragraph 2: Discuss the second viewpoint, state whether you agree or disagree, and give an example to support your viewpoint.
  • Conclusion : Summarize and state which viewpoint according to you is better or more important.

5. Two-Part Question

   

Sample Question  

Success is often measured by wealth. Do you think wealth is the best measure of success? What makes a successful person?


Two-Part Question  Essay Question Structure


Introduction : Rephrase the statement by not changing its meaning and give an outline stating both questions.

Main body paragraph 1: Answer the first question, elaborate on it, and give an example.

Main body paragraph 2: Answer the second question, elaborate on it, and give an example.

Conclusion : Summarise the essay.

IELTS Essay Topics for 2024

It is essential to become familiar with common IELTS essay problems to prepare well for Writing Task 2. Studying sample essays and answers can assist in organizing and presenting argument points effectively. Here's a list of IELTS writing topics and their corresponding answers.

  • Education
  • Sport
  • Job and Employment
  • Law
  • Health and Fitness
  • Art
  • Science and technology
  • Politics
  • Language and culture
  • Crime and Punishment
  • Environment
  • Government and Society
  • Business and Money
  • Tourism and Travel
  • Food and Diet
  • Media and Advertisement
  • Family and Children


IELTS essay topics with answers



Education


The IELTS writing test usually covers the topic of education. Here are some examples of education-related essay topics:

  1. What are your thoughts on parents arranging extra classes for their children outside of regular school hours? or Do you think children receive an adequate education solely through their schooling?
  2. Should university education be provided free of charge to all students? What is your opinion on this matter?
  3. Do you agree that too much time is spent on learning facts rather than practical skills in education at all levels, from primary schools to universities?
  4. Should children participate in organized activities or have the freedom to do as they please during their free time? Which perspective do you agree with?
  5. Is it good for students to gain work experience before pursuing university studies? What are the reasons behind this perspective?

Sample Question

  1. What are your thoughts on parents arranging extra classes for their children outside of regular school hours? or Do you think children receive an adequate education solely through their schooling?  

Sample Answer:

Extra classes provided by parents for their children outside of school hours may have positive outcomes. Although schools serve as a kickoff point for learning, these extra shots give the necessary help children require to be high achievers in distinct subjects or areas of engagement. It is possible to choose specialized classes and adapt them specifically to the needs of a child, allowing him to define his or her potential directly. In addition to this, these classes can give a way more personal learning experience that is framed in smaller groups or even personalized between a teacher and the student. This can enable children to get in-depth individual attention which may not be possible when working with a group of students sitting on desks in a large classroom. There are indeed some counterarguments, but overall, the idea that parents can have a major positive impact on their children's educational path by directing them to extra classes seems very likely.


 

But at the same time, it should be taken into account that through formal education children can receive a good education only by studying in class. Schools follow a structured curriculum and provide various learning opportunities, including group discussions, projects, and extracurricular activities for students. Schools offer chances where students can interact socially and for personal development, which are essential features of a child’s education. Thus, in the case of many children, education acquired by schooling is often enough to obtain proper knowledge and skills that enable them to openly operate within normal society.


 

It is essential to recognize that every child is unique and possesses different learning abilities and skills. Some children may require extra support or may have a specific passion that they want to pursue further. In such cases, parents arranging extra classes can be a valuable investment in their child's education. This investment allows children to explore their strengths and interests in greater depth and provides them with an advantage in their academic journey. However, it is important to remember that the decision to arrange extra classes for children should be based on their individual needs and aspirations, keeping in mind that a well-rounded education comes from a combination of school and additional learning opportunities.

Sport

Here are some examples of sports-related essay topics:

  1. As per the majority of people sports must be included in the school curriculum. While other thinks it's a waste of time. Discuss both perspectives and give your own opinion. 
  2. Some countries sponsor sports as a way to advertise themselves. For some people, it is a good way, while others think there are disadvantages to this. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
  3. People these days are hiring a personal fitness trainer, rather than going for sports or doing exercise classes. What are the reasons for this? Is this a positive or a negative development?
  4. Children participating in sports are often overloaded with physical activity or get serious injuries. What are the main causes of this? What solutions can you suggest?
  5. People are less fit nowadays than ever before despite having a gym, or other facilities. What do you think are the main causes of this problem? What solutions can you suggest?

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Sample Question:

People these days are hiring a personal fitness trainer, rather than going for sports or doing exercise classes. What are the reasons for this? Is this a positive or a negative development?  

Sample Answer:

In the fast-growing world, people are increasingly giving priority to their health and fitness. And that is why personal fitness trainers have become more popular among people with tight schedules and limited time. These experts offer custom-made training programs that are designed to meet the respective needs as well as goals of each individual. By hiring a personal trainer, an individual can be sure to get the most out of his or her workouts while maximizing results at the same time. Because having worked in the field for a long, he will be there for you in one-on-one sessions unlike when playing sports or going to exercise classes ensuring good posture and technique during the whole workout. This kind of approach not only prevents injuries but also helps you go further than ever before towards your fitness objectives.  
 

However, it should be remembered that appointing a personal fitness trainer has its merits and demerits. On this optimistic side, an individual may need a personal trainer for motivation purposes; someone who may help them keep up with their bodybuilding exercises. In conclusion, therefore, what comes out is that a person who has decided to hire a professional trainer would not give himself up so easily. After all, she/he is aware of how valuable it is to stick to her routine even if she does not feel like it at some point because it will take her back three steps if she fails to do so.  
 

The decision to hire a personal fitness trainer depends on each individual's needs, preferences, and budget.  While it may be a positive development for some who benefit from the guidance and support of a professional, others may find alternative ways to stay active and fit. Whether it is through participating in sports, going to fitness classes, or hiring a personal fitness trainer, it is crucial to never forget that maintaining an active lifestyle and placing a high priority on one's health are what count.

Job and Employment

Here are some examples of job and employment-related essay topics:

  1. Unemployment is one of the biggest problems of contemporary society. What do you think are the major factors of this? What solutions will you suggest?
  2. Getting a big paycheck is more important than job satisfaction. Do you agree or disagree? What are your views on this?
  3. These days, many people prefer working from home. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?
  4. Nowadays, some people prefer to be self-employed, instead of working for a company or organization. What might be the reason? Are there any disadvantages to being self-employed?
  5. Nowadays, many families prefer relocating overseas due to vast job opportunities. Some people think this is advantageous for the children of these families, while others think children will find it difficult. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Sample Question:

These days, many people prefer working from home. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?  

Sample Answer:

In recent years, there's been a noticeable trend in the workforce. More folks are choosing to work from the comfort of their own homes. Tech upgrades and a growing wish for better work-life balance have fueled this trend. Working from home comes with a bunch of perks that are starting to get attention. First off, say goodbye to long commutes that consume your time and deplete your energy. That time you've saved can be spent on stuff that matters or just kicking back. Plus, working from home means more control over your schedule. Schedule your work hours to fit around personal commitments, which can be a lifeline for parents juggling kids and office deadlines. Another plus is using out your workspace to your taste, which can help you knock out more work and feel good about it, too. Imagine settling into a cozy chair with your favorite tunes playing in the background - it can help you relax and make work feel more enjoyable and time fly by.  
 

But working from home isn't all roses. One major drawback is how lonely you can feel. Without the usual office banter, you might feel cut off from your team, which can mess with how much you want to work and communicate with others. Also, when your home is your office, it's tough to call it a day and relax. If you're not careful, you may find yourself always being available on calls and meetings and never truly able to disconnect, leading to increased stress. Plus, let's face it, there are loads of distractions at home. Suddenly, the laundry or cooking may seem more appealing than your inbox. When working from home, without a boss looking over your shoulder, it's important to have strong self-control and focus to ensure that work flows smoothly.

Wrapping it up, working from home can be great because you save on travel time flex your schedule, and set up your space just how you like it. But, it's not all sunshine and rainbows; you might feel lonely, have trouble splitting work time from me-time, and find yourself distracted by stuff around the house. So, people should think about what they want and what their situation is like before deciding to work from home.

Law

Here are some examples of law-related essay topics:

  1. Some people believe law changes human behavior. To what degree do you agree or disagree that law influences human behavior?
  2. Some countries have legal ages at which people can drink. while others believe in a more lenient approach. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.
  3. Today’s society is based on laws and rules which are essential for its proper functioning. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  4. Some people think that there should be a law prohibiting individuals under 18 from going out after midnight, others oppose this. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  5. Some say if children are breaking the law their parents must be punished in some way. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Question:

Some people believe the law changes human behavior. To what degree do you agree or disagree that law influences human behavior?  

Sample Answer:

Laws play an important role in maintaining order within society, regulating human behavior, and setting clear rules and penalties for those who choose to break them. While there's a debate about whether laws actually change the way people act or just scare them from misconduct, I think that laws can indeed shape behavior to some extent.

One way law might change human behavior is through the threat of punishment. When people know they will have to face consequences for breaking the rules, they often stop and think before doing something wrong. Take speed limits, for example. Traffic laws are designed to promote safe driving practices by drivers to avoid tickets or license fines. This fear of punishment and fines encourages people to drive more carefully and responsibly.

The law can also change our society's beliefs and standards over time. When the law makes something illegal, it tells people that those acts are wrong and shouldn't be done. This can change what people think and how they act in the long run. For example, laws against discrimination have helped promote equal treatment and opportunities for all individuals regardless of their background or identity. They have played a significant role in shaping how we view fairness and diversity today.

But the law alone can't entirely change how people behave. Many things matter why a person does what they do, including their beliefs, upbringing, and the influences around them. The law might set rules and punishments, but ultimately, each person decides how they will behave

To conclude, while the law has the power to change human behavior to some extent, it is not the sole determining factor. Fear of punishment and societal standards influenced by law can certainly shape someone's actions, but other factors also play a significant role.  It is crucial to consider a holistic approach when analyzing the relationship between law and human behavior, taking into account their values, cultural background, and people’s circumstances.

Health and Fitness

Here are some examples of health and fitness-related essay topics:

  1. Some people think that keeping pets is good for children while others think it is dangerous and detrimental to their health. What is your opinion? Discuss both options and give examples.
  2. An increasing number of children are overweight, which could result in various health issues and increased healthcare expenses when they grow older. Why do you think so many children are overweight? What could be done to solve this problem? 
  3. Many think that in today’s world to maintain a healthy lifestyle is extremely challenging for people. Others, however, feel that it is easy for people to be healthy and fit if they have the desire to do so. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  4. Health education is an important aspect of community health. Do you agree or disagree?
  5. Over the past few years, Childhood obesity has become a serious problem. What are the primary causes of this? What measures should be taken to reduce childhood obesity?

Sample Question:  

Some people think that keeping pets is good for children while others think it is dangerous and detrimental to their health. What is your opinion? Discuss both options and give examples.  

Sample Answer:  
 

It is a debatable topic when children’s right to health at home and also keeping pets is concerned. On the other hand, some people think that having a pet has multiple advantages for the growth and development of the child. An animal companion would teach children numerous lessons in responsibility, caring, and compassion. For instance, when a child cares for his or her pet by feeding it, grooming it, and taking it outside for a walk this teaches the observation of taking care of sitting down. This can have a positive effect on their overall advancement and may also inculcate responsibility in them. In general, getting a pet to live in the house for kids is an enjoyable habit and one that can facilitate children’s development of valuable lifestyles.  
 

In contrast, some say that rearing pets creates dangers and hazards for children. They state that they believe that pets can pass diseases or cause allergies in children. While it is true that some pets, such as dogs and cats can trigger allergies in people, it may however be noted that with adequate supervision and regular hygiene practices, most of these risks can be greatly reduced. Not only that, several studies have indicated that children who are raised with pets develop fewer allergies and asthmatic conditions compared to those who grow up without animal companions. Moreover, a third party of stress – an animal, which can be someone’s pet (or a child’s pet), can provide its owner with looks as well emotional help that has many health advantages  
 

To summarize, I cannot but mention the fact that there are some reasonable aspects of the arguments on both sides; however, I am opposed to all those claims and consider it beneficial for a child to have pets. These lessons in responsibility and empathy that pet gas can provide are priceless and help with the development of a child's personality.


Art

Here are some examples of art-related essay topics:

  1. Some think that quality art can be made by anyone while others think that it necessitates innate talent and skill. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  2. Many people believe that cinema is a less significant form of art compared to literature and painting. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  3. In many countries, visitors to art galleries have been declining steadily. What are the reasons for this trend? What could be done to improve this development?
  4. Some people think that the government is misusing funds by providing financial support to the arts as this money could be better spent elsewhere. To what extent do you agree with this view?
  5. In today’s world of advanced science and technology, many still place great value on artists such as musicians, painters, and writers. What can the arts tell us about life that science cannot?

Sample Question:

Many people believe that cinema is a less significant form of art compared to literature and painting. To what extent do you agree or disagree?  

Sample Answer:

No doubt cinemas are one of the largest parts of the world of art, like books and paintings. Cinema as a medium has become so significant over time and has gained the potency of being painted in written words, both forms being highly regarded modes of art. The drama, pictures, and emotional attraction of the films have been intended to capture words from different demographics and make a life-long impact.

One of the major reasons why cinema should be regarded as grand as literature and painting is its power to transform written material into something that is truly vivid. Using the use of visuals, sound, and even in performance filmmakers have got things within their power to take or let people come across different worlds and feel themselves positive aspects. The cinematographic form of art is highly immersive just as in the case of reading a book or watching a painting; one finds oneself stricken by the impact it creates.  
 

In addition, cinema is the art that works collaboratively. It amalgamates different creative minds like directors, actors, cinematographers, and cheese makers, to mention a few, each lends his or her distinct ability to design a masterpiece. This process of communalism not only demonstrates the majority of aesthetics but also serves to appreciate unity through cooperation in realizing ideas through artistic manifestations.  
 

To summarize, cinеma should not be considered the most significant form of art compared to other art forms. Its ability to tеll storiеs through visuals and invokе еmotions bring togеthеr a multitudе of artistic talеnts makes it just as valuablе and impactful. So thе nеxt timе somеonе undеrminеs thе significancе of cinеma and I would disagrее on that.

Science and technology

Here are some examples of science and technology-related essay topics:

  1. Nowadays, young individuals widely use modern gadgets but this excessive use can hinder their creativity. Do you agree or disagree?
  2. Virtual reality is nowadays used as a tool for therapeutic interventions and mental health treatments. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  3. The main objective of science ought to be to enhance people’s lives. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  4. New technologies have transformed how children spend their leisure time. Do you think the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?
  5. In today’s world of advanced science and technology, many still greatly value artists such as musicians, painters, and writers. What unique insights about life can the arts offer that science cannot?

Sample Question:

Nowadays, young individuals widely use modern gadgets but this excessive use can hinder their creativity. Do you agree or disagree?  

Sample Answer:

The definition of science defines it as the search for knowledge and understanding about nature. It includes several departments such as biology, chemistry, physics, and so forth. Some people, however, might say that the ultimate goal of science is to improve people’s lives; others would disagree. From my standpoint, I cannot agree more that science should pursue practical knowledge and try to get one by making human life better.

Scientific advancements have always been integral in transforming our lives, from the ancient early to modern days. It has allowed us to surmount quite a considerable number of challenges and improve our lives through various scientific innovations, ranging from vaccine development to the advancement in technology and especially medicine. For example, progressive medical advances have resulted in life-saving medications and remedial cures for numerous illnesses. Moreover, technological advancements have facilitated effective communication and transportation systems as well also we get our services of warmth facilities with swiftness. As these cases serve to show, science undoubtedly has a direct and positive effect in improving the quality of a person’s life.

In addition, science allows us to find solutions and tackle issues that cause concern to the world at large. An example of an issue that has been brought about by climate change and requires both scientific studies and addressing is the enactment of solutions. Being able to understand this aspect of the world and come up with renewable technologies, scientists can help prevent ill effects as well as build a better future for generations that will follow. In the same way, scientific studies conducted in various fields such as sustainable energy, food security, and clean water can help improve the lives of people across the globe.

To sum up, science's primary goal is to improve people's quality of life. Science can help us to solve difficult issues, improve health conditions, and make the world a better place for everyone through its discoveries and accomplishments. Sustaining scientific innovation and research is necessary to optimize the beneficial effects of science on society.

Politics

Here are some examples of politics-related essay topics:

  1. Nowadays, entertainers receive higher salaries than politicians. What are the main reasons? Is this a negative or positive development?
  2. Some argue that patriotism is the primary cause of global conflict. Others feel that it serves to prevent less ethical politicians from running a country and starting wars. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  3. Some people think that politicians have a significant influence on the world. Other people, however, believe that scientists hold the greatest sway. Discuss both of these views and give your own opinion.
  4. Whereas some individuals think that celebrities should not get involved in politics, others argue that they can play a crucial role in changing society. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  5. Some people consider corruption as the root cause of problems in government organizations and politics.  What issues arise as a result of this corruption? What are possible solutions to eliminate corruption?

Sample Question:

Whereas some individuals think that celebrities should not get involved in politics, others argue that they can play a crucial role in changing society. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.  

Sample Answer:

The question of whether celebrities should get involved in politics is a controversial one. On one hand, some argue that celebrities should stick to their area of expertise and stay out of political affairs. They argue that just because someone is famous or successful in their field doesn't automatically make them knowledgeable or qualified to make decisions that impact society. Some argue that celebrity involvement in politics can be bad, as their influence may persuade public opinion without any real understanding of the complexities of political issues.

However, there is also a strong argument in favor of celebrities using their platform to engage in political discourse. Celebrities often have a large following and can reach a wide range of people who may not be politically engaged otherwise. By using their fame and influence, they can bring attention to important social and political issues, sparking conversations and raising awareness. Furthermore, celebrities often have access to resources and connections that can help drive change. They can put to good use their power to convince the adoption of policies that protect the needy or give finances to organizations that focus on areas they wish to support.

In my opinion, celebrities should be encouraged to get involved in politics, but they should do so responsibly. It is important for them to educate themselves on the issues they are advocating for and to use their platform in a thoughtful and informed way. Celebrities can amplify voices that may otherwise go unheard, and this can be a powerful tool for positive change. However, they should also recognize the limitations of their expertise and be willing to listen and learn from those who have dedicated their lives to studying and working in politics. Ultimately, it is up to each celebrity to decide how they want to use their influence, but they need to understand the potential impact they can have on society.  
 

Language and culture

Here are some examples of language and culture-related essay topics:

  1. Compared to the past, more individuals are now trying to learn a foreign language to enhance their prospects of securing better employment opportunities within their own country or abroad. To what extent do you agree with this point of view? Give specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
  2. Some people think that living in a country is essential to learning that country’s language and understanding the culture of that nation. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  3. There are divergent opinions as some believe that students should begin learning a language very early in school while others think these subjects should be introduced at a later stage. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.
  4. Because many children face difficulties in learning foreign languages, schools should not force them to learn foreign languages. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  5. Some people believe that it is beneficial to show foreign films while others feel this can hurt local culture. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Sample Question:

Some people think that living in a country is essential to learning that country’s language and understanding the culture of that nation. To what extent do you agree or disagree?  


Sample Answer:

In the modern era, it is believed that acquiring knowledge is not only about the country itself but also about its unique customs and traditions. I agree with this notion to a large extent and my viewpoints will be discussed in the upcoming paragraphs.

To commence with, there are two main factors for the agreement that support the statement. One of the most compelling reasons is that learning about a country and its customs will promote the relationships between people of distinct nations. More specifically, one can only establish an emotional connection if one possesses knowledge about the culture and history of that particular place. As a result, it will be easier to understand the mother tongue of that particular nation deeply. Moreover, every region has its own set of religious beliefs, and studying them aids in navigating various situations and refraining from disrespecting the beliefs of others. For instance, if a person wants to learn Spanish, it will become easy to accomplish the task and can understand the slang words and idioms easily, if knows about the culture of that particular area.  
 

On the other hand, studying a language is all that is necessary to effectively communicate with people from other countries. In other words, with the advancement of technology, there are various software are provided, with the help of which one can translate words as well as sentences in an accurate manner.  As a result, it is not essential to delve into the intricacies of culture and history; acquiring knowledge of the language alone is sufficient to thrive in a foreign land.

In conclusion, although education about the customs of a country will help adopt the lifestyle and live with the people of that region communication is possible only by practicing an accent.

Crime and Punishment

Here are some examples of crime and punishment-related essay topics:

  1. Without capital punishment (the death penalty), our lives are less secure which leads to an increase in violent crimes. Capital punishment plays a crucial role in controlling violence in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
  2. In many places, prisons are overcrowded and pose significant financial strains on governments. Yet, when offenders are released, they end up back in prison a short while later. Do prisons effectively fulfill their purpose? Should lawbreakers be rehabilitated or punished? 
  3. Numerous offenders commit more crimes after serving their initial sentences. Why is this happening and what measures can be taken? 
  4. Some feel that punishment should focus more on rehabilitation rather than long prison terms. Others feel prison terms are crucial for social stability. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
  5. Some people believe that there should be a fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that circumstances surrounding an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Sample Question:

Numerous offenders commit more crimes after serving their initial sentences. Why is this happening and what measures can be taken?   

Sample Answer:

The problem of further crimes committed by offenders after finishing their initial terms is a complicated one that needs a multi-dimensional solution. One reason for this cycle is the failure to provide treatment-based correction and discharge programs available in any given criminal justice system. In the case that offenders are being released from prison or criminal behaviors without proper support and monitoring, insufficient aftercare is conducted to help people with criminal behavior patterns resume their routines in a non-destructive way. This emphasizes the need for expansive interventions that do not only address merely punishment after the commission of a crime but also seek to rehabilitate offenders.  
 

To combat the phenomenon, several steps can be taken. To start with, in terms of non-prison-based initiatives, greater attention ought to have been paid to the development of relevant educational and vocational projects for offenders during their imprisonment. Providing them with the relevant skills and knowledge linked to acquiring jobs when released would significantly decrease their chances of revert eating back way. As covert issues, mental health and substance abuse treatment would also have to be readily available for those who need it; such willingness tends to contribute to recidivism.  
 

In addition, programs that are community-based and provide treatment, monitoring, and supervision of people after being released can help greatly with preventing reoffending. These programs may help with the guidance, and counseling and place these individuals in stable homes that can provide jobs that accommodate them. Encouraging community members to feel like they belong as well as being responsible for their behavior, reintegration is likely to take place and people will stop committing crimes.  
 

Finally, reducing cases of recidivism has to be done holistically while ​the court may punish the individual on other acts notwithstanding failing, such as when probation is considered, on top of punishment there has to be concerted effort at rehabilitation and social support. By identifying and dealing with the cause of crime, and through treatments that encourage the development of individuals' human potential we can prevent some number within the community from committing more crimes after they have completed their initial sentence.

Environment

Here are some examples of environment-related essay topics:

  1. Nowadays, environmental problems are too big for individual countries or people to address on their own. We have reached the stage where international cooperation is necessary to safeguard the environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  2. Environmental damage is a problem across many countries. What is the cause of this damage? What should be done about this problem?
  3. Many claim that the fast food industry has detrimental effects on the environment, eating habits, and families. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  4. Some think the current generation should take proactive measures to protect the environment for the next generation. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  5. The manufacturing and use of cars have adverse impacts on the environment,  but their popularity is increasing. Why is this? How could this be controlled?

Sample Question:

Environmental damage is a problem across many countries. What is the cause of this damage? What should be done about this problem?  

Sample Answer:

One of the prominent issues that challenge different countries in the world is damage through environmental pollution. Various factors have contributed to this destruction, but human activity can be considered one of the most significant ones. The alarming rise in population and industrialization has led to an increase in the percentage of pollution, deforestation, and depletion of natural resources. Industries contribute to air and water pollution by releasing harmful chemicals into the air and water. At the same time, deforestation takes away important habitats for wildlife and upsets the ecological balance.

To solve this issue, an integrated approach must be implemented. Secondly, governments and organizations should put in better policies that would limit pollution as well as the amount of resource depletion. This is achieved by setting emission standards for industries and encouraging sustainable practices. By promoting the use of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power, one can keep away from depending on non-renewable fuel sources that pollute the earth.

There is much to be done in terms of education and awareness so that this problem can be resolved. Through the education of people in terms of the need to conserve nature, we can help create a sense of obligation that they should not destroy and harm Mother Nature. This can be done by using public awareness campaigns, school programs, and community activities. Moreover, people can contribute to the cause by adopting environmentally friendly practices in their everyday lives such as recycling, saving water, and limiting wastage.  
 

International collaboration on eliminating ecology damage is important in solving the problem of ecosystem loss at a global scale. International treaties and agreements can encourage collaboration about fighting climate change and saving threatened species among others. Through such sharing of knowledge, resources as well technology, this can contribute to better solutions.

Environmental destruction is not purely a government that rests on individuals to take responsibility and ensure that damage control measures are put in place. Through enforcing tougher rules, encouraging eco-friendly practices, creating public awareness, and establishing a global initiative of cooperation we can try to make efforts towards limiting the impact on the environment.

Government and Society

Here are some examples of government and society-related essay topics:

  1. Some people say that to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  2. Some feel that governments should prioritize healthcare instead of other important areas.  What is your opinion on this issue? To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  3. Around the world,  individuals are living longer than ever before. Some say an aging population creates problems for governments. Others believe there are benefits to society having more elderly people. To what extent do the advantages of possessing an aging population outweigh the disadvantages?
  4. Nowadays, there is a decline in the number of students opting for science subjects at the university level. Why is this? What effects does this have on society?
  5. Some people think that social networking sites have a significantly negative impact on both individuals and society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Question:

Some feel that governments should prioritize healthcare instead of other important areas.  What is your opinion on this issue? To what extent do you agree or disagree?  


Sample Answer:

I believe that governments should put more emphasis on the health sector as compared to other pressing issues. It is, therefore, essential for every government to consider the well-being and health of the citizens as a core strategic objective so that they have peace of mind. People cannot live a life of satisfaction and well-being unless they are all entitled to a decent health status, which in turn implies the ability not only to work but also contribute to the overall progress of society. Through investment in healthcare systems, governments can ensure that citizens get quality medical services, prevention of disease, and essential medicinal products. This would not just help to enhance the health situation of all people worldwide but also, save resources that can be spent in the healthcare system.  
 

In addition, investing in healthcare has great economic benefits. When a population is healthy, it becomes more productive and actively involved in economic activities that ensure growth. A healthy population will spend fewer days missing work due to illness, which would increase productivity and reduce healthcare costs. Furthermore, governments ensure that there’s provision of health care infrastructure and investments for research creating jobs and attracting investments in the field of healthcare.

But it is important to mention that even though healthcare should be on top of the levels, being a top priority area, other areas such as education and infrastructure play a crucial role in any economy. The regions are also important to the growth and welfare of society in general. Thus, governments should find the right balance and allocate funds wisely so that all the sectors are adequately addressed.  
 

To conclude, I strongly believe that healthcare is highly important for people’s health and economic improvement. But they should also take into consideration the need for other aspects and find a compromise in the distribution of resources. Finally, a balanced way of dealing with the needs of different sectors is essential for development in general.  
 

Business and Money

Here are some examples of business and money-related essay topics:

  1. Besides making money, businesses also have a societal responsibility. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  2. In their advertising, businesses these days usually emphasize that their products are new in some way. What is the rationale behind this trend? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
  3. Some think that climate change reforms will detrimental impact on businesses. Others feel they are an opportunity for business growth. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.
  4. In the past, the majority of individuals worked for small businesses, larger proportion worked for large businesses. What are the advantages and disadvantages of working for large businesses?
  5. Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. Do you consider this to be a positive or negative development? 

Sample Question:

Besides making money, businesses also have a societal responsibility. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Answer:

Today, a business is much more than just an opportunity to create profits. They also have a social obligation to make their communities benefit. Although many would say that the goal of a business is simply the pursuit of profit, I am convinced we should see social initiatives not as an extra activity but as a part and parcel of an entrepreneurial endeavor that every business has to bear.  
 

A big reason why organizations should have a societal responsibility is that they rely on the community’s support and resources. Businesses could not flourish and succeed if the local societies did not cooperate with them, but rather fought against their supplies. With this in mind, businesses are only right if they return to society by investing in community development projects, supporting local charities, or engaging in sustainable practices that reduce their environmental footprint.  
 

Furthermore, business plays a crucial role in upholding societal ideals as the article. They are also a means of driving positive change and fighting the various pressing causes such as poverty, inequality, and climatic conditions. Accepting this role, companies can take other businesses to follow suit and foster a synchronized vision of san securing future outcomes. Not only does a better society benefit as this business extends its reputation and brand name, which results in higher customer loyalty and trust.  
 

Still, one must remember that businesses also owe a fiduciary duty to their shareholders. They have the responsibility of making profits and also ensuring financial accountability. Maintaining an equilibrium between commercial gains and social responsibility is equally hard. However, through proper planning and some thoughtful approaches towards organizational decision making there are possibilities businesses can be able to balance their economic goals with positive social outcomes.

Travel and Tourism 

Here are some examples of travel and tourism-related essay topics:

  1. In many countries, people tend to relocate either overseas or within their own country upon retirement. Discuss why they do so and what the outcome of this situation is. Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion
  2. Some believe that tourism does more to create tension between countries rather than fostering other cultures. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  3. People today often use the internet to gain knowledge about different cultures of other countries. This means that it is not that important to travel to those countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree
  4. As international travel is becoming cheaper, more countries are opening their doors to tourists. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?
  5. The increasing availability of low-cost airlines now lets people travel around the world making global travel more accessible. Some feel this is a positive development while others think it is negative overall. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Sample Question:

As international travel is becoming cheaper, more countries are opening their doors to tourists. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?  

Sample Answer:

In this modern era, with the rise of technology, numerous transportation options are not only affordable but comfortable as well. One such option is air travel, which has become increasingly popular among people from different countries. It offers several advantages except a few disadvantages discussed in the upcoming paragraphs. As international travel has become cheaper,  an increasing number of countries have opened their doors to tourists and visitors.

The first and foremost advantage is that it fosters a sense of unity among people of different nations. For instance, people visit other countries and meet the native people there. This interaction helps to bridge cultural gaps and promotes understanding and harmony between nations.  Secondly, it has increased globalization. It gives a chance to passengers to learn about the culture and traditions of other states, and they can adopt some good qualities of the culture.  As a result, individuals become more socially aware and culturally enriched. Moreover, people invest money in foreign countries for the growth and expansion of businesses on a global scale. For example, Nestle India Limited was established by the reunion of India and Switzerland, creating a plethora of opportunities for job-seekers.

On the other hand, it has some disadvantages associated with air travel. Environmental impact is a major consideration because of increased foot traffic as it can lead to the degradation of natural habitats resulting in pollution. Overcrowding at popular destinations is another drawback, as it can result in a decline in the quality of the tourist experience and negatively impact the local community.

In conclusion, air travel has revolutionized the way people explore the world. It has brought people from different nations closer together, fostered cultural exchange, and facilitated international business activities as the need of the time is to take the benefit of the journey to other nations.


Food and Diet

Here are some examples of food and diet-related essay topics:

  1. Many supermarkets are selling an increasing number of products that are imported from other nations instead of selling food that is locally sourced. What are the reasons for this? Is this a positive or negative development?
  2. Some people think that having a good diet and exercising regularly are not necessary to live a long and healthy life. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  3. Convenience foods will become increasingly prevalent and eventually replace traditional foods and methods of preparation. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  4. The government must ensure that citizens have a healthy diet, while others think this is an individual's duty. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  5. Dieting can change a person's life for the better or completely compromise one's health. What is your opinion on that?

Sample Question:

Some people think that having a good diet and exercising regularly are not necessary to live a long and healthy life. To what extent do you agree or disagree?  

Sample Answer:

Most people wish to live a long and healthy life; however, others think that having a good diet is not required for the achievement of this objective. Nevertheless, I do not agree with this view. From my perspective, a healthy diet and physical activity are valuable additional elements of his longevity.

Primarily, a healthy eating regimen is essential in enabling our bodies to perform best by providing them with vital nutrients and energy. Eating well with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and protein; ensures that your body gets the vitamins minerals-and antioxidants to be healthy. Contrastingly, an unhealthy diet rich in processed carbohydrates, fats, and sugars can cause both obesity and chronic diseases such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease that tend to decrease the role of the immune system.  
 

Moreover, the focus on exercising regularly is also of great importance because it plays its role in supporting physical fitness as well as a general state of health. Apart from the fact that physical activity makes our muscles stronger and improves blood circulation, it also increases a soluble substance known as endorphin present in our brain which can delay depression and stress. In addition, regular exercise is also seen to reduce the risk of developing some chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, and certain types of cancers.

Finally, eating well daily and exercising routinely is crucial for a long life. These are habits that not only supply the body with essential nutrients and energy but also prevent lifestyle diseases and promote total well-being in our lives. Hence, it is crucial to prioritize these lifestyle decisions to ensure the best health and lifespan.

Media and Advertisement

Here are some examples of media and advertisement-related essay topics:

  1. Some parents claim that advertisements mislead children while others allege that they provide valuable information. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  2. In some countries, there has been a rise in the number of advertisements to persuade children to buy snacks, toys, and other goods. Parents often claim that these ads are unfair. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  3. Some people think that the best way to get the news is through newspapers while others think online media is a reliable source. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  4. Accordingly to some individuals, the private lives of celebrities should not be openly shared by the media. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  5. Many individuals believe that media coverage is becoming increasingly biased today. Why is this? What can be done to fix this problem?

Sample Question:

Some parents claim that advertisements mislead children while others allege that they provide valuable information. Discuss both views and give your opinion.  

Sample Answer:

Advertisements have become a substantial concern over recent years. While several parents argue that juveniles are being manipulated by commercials on the other hand experts in advertising suggest that commercials give information. This essay will discuss how advertisements can be misleading for teenagers and why they can be informative and I will give my opinion.

On the one hand, it is believed that advertisements broadcasted on TV, and published on social media, can directly influence the child's mind,  who are often seen as a vulnerable target audience by advertisers. Today, young people are more susceptible to believing what they see, and hear, compared to adults. For example, there are a plethora of fast food advertisements on TV that target adolescents, and guarantee gifts for children. Children, who watch these commercials, develop a desire to consume fast food daily having both high levels of calories and fat. Moreover, the excessive consumption of fast food leads to childhood obesity. Therefore, advertisements that serve to increase profits are a misguiding for youngsters.

On the other hand, adverts may be educational for youngsters. It is not fair that every commercial is harmful they may provide information about products, services, and important social issues. For instance, commercials about hygiene products teach teenagers about the importance of personal cleanliness and how to maintain good hygiene practices. Moreover, some adverts about scholarships can motivate juveniles to get good scores, while sports ads encourage young ones to engage in sports activities. Thus, adverts can be informative and educational for children.

In conclusion, children are surrounded by advertisements in daily life. In my opinion, a plethora of commercials, that promote unhealthy foods, can be eventually misguiding for children. Ultimately, a balanced approach to advertising is necessary to ensure that teenagers are not negatively influenced by misleading commercials.  
 

Family and Children  

Here are some examples of family and children-related essay topics:

  1. Some believe that younger family members should be legally responsible for providing support to older family members who are physically, mentally, and financially incapable of caring for themselves. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  2. Today, families spend less time eating meals together. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative trend?
  3. It is beneficial for children if the whole family such as aunts, uncles, etc. are involved in a child’s upbringing, rather than just their parents. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  4. Some people believe that family has a significant influence on children’s development while others think that other areas such as television and friends have a greater influential role. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  5. Some people believe that children who commit crimes should be punished. Others think the parents must be punished along with them. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Sample Question:

Today, families spend less time eating meals together. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative trend?  

Sample Answer:

Nowadays, it is very rare for families to gather at a certain time and share meals. I believe that this trend has happened because of the ways people balance between work and personal lives. Although busy professional activities provide financial security, they often take a toll on an ideal family life potentially leading children astray.

One of the significant reasons family members are not sitting together at the supper table is that individuals have been working hard and longer than normal working hours for the last few decades. As time progresses, competition is becoming fiercer and to survive humans need to work harder than their ancestors. For example, in the past citizens typically worked no more than six hours a day but now they need to spend at least nine hours. Therefore, when the breadwinner comes home, other members might be sleeping already, making it hard to find an hour for a family meal.

Hard work pays a fortune and thus it is integral for the financial stability of a family but often comes at the expense of personal time with loved ones. Parents who go out to earn bread and butter wake up early and sacrifice breakfast with their children to meet the basic needs of the household.

This has negative impacts as well because if a child does not get attention sometimes, they take the wrong route such as starting smoking, drinking alcohol, and taking life-threatening drugs like afrim and heroin. Hence, it is a moral obligation for parents to speak frankly with their children and the best place can be at the dinner table.

In conclusion, while parents are busy making money for the future because work often takes precedence over personal relationships miss this precious time. Thus, parents must strike a balance between work and ensure well-being, and happiness, and stay connected.

Conclusion

There are various types of essays when it comes to the IELTS exam writing section part 2. You have to answer the essay by giving your viewpoint after understanding the essay type. Make sure you have a good vocabulary, Above are the questions and sample answers to help you understand better. 

The Edmissions team is here to provide you with help throughout the college application process. Before you submit your application to your desired college or university, it is recommended that you get in touch with a Edmissions specialist by registering on the website edmissions.com
 

To learn more about application processing, contact our Edmissions specialists at [email protected]
 

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