GMAT Exam Syllabus and Pattern 2024 Section-wise (AWA, IR, QR, VR)

By Prabhadri SumanUpdated On - 2023-12-26 17-22-02 IST

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Topics Covered:

  • How is the GMAT structured?
  • GMAT Exam Pattern 2024
  • GMAT Syllabus for Analytical Writing Assessment
  • GMAT Syllabus for Integrated Reasoning
  • GMAT Syllabus for Quantitative Reasoning
  • GMAT Syllabus for Verbal Reasoning
  • GMAT Exam Pattern: Key Highlights

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is a computer-adaptive standardized test widely used for admissions to graduate management programs worldwide. Over 7,000 programs at 2,300 colleges and universities accept GMAT scores for admissions. The test assesses a candidate's quantitative and analytical skills, which are crucial for success in graduate management programs. Top business schools typically require the GMAT for admission.

How is the GMAT structured?

The GMAT Exam is a three-hour and seven-minute exam that assesses a candidate's readiness for graduate management studies.

  • The GMAT is divided into four sections: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment.
  • The exam is scored on a scale of 200 to 800.
  • The exam covers more than 50 topics related to quantitative and verbal reasoning, as well as integrated reasoning and analytical writing skills.
  • Optional 8-minute breaks are allowed between sections.

GMAT Exam Pattern 2024

Section Time Number of Questions Question Types Score
Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) 30 minutes 1 Essay 0-6
Integrated Reasoning (IR) 30 minutes 12 Graphic Interpretation, Table Analysis, Two-Part Analysis 1-8
Quantitative Reasoning (QR) 62 minutes 31 Problem Solving, Data Sufficiency 6-51
Verbal Reasoning (VR) 65 minutes 36 Sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension 6-51
Total 3 Hours 7 Minutes 80   200-800

Suggested : Check GMAT Exam Dates 2024 by month and city

GMAT Syllabus for Analytical Writing Assessment

The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) section of the GMAT evaluates a candidate's ability to analyze an argument and write a clear and concise essay. It consists of two essay prompts: the Issue Essay and the Argument Essay. Each prompt is scored on a scale of 0 to 6, with 0.5-point increments.

  1. Issue Essay - The Issue Essay presents a debatable topic or statement and asks the test taker to express their perspective on it. Candidates are required to provide relevant reasons and examples to support their position effectively. They should demonstrate their ability to structure their thoughts, organize their ideas, and write in a clear and grammatically correct manner.
  2. Argument Essay - The Argument Essay provides a given argument and asks the test taker to critique its reasoning, assumptions, and evidence. Candidates are expected to analyze the argument's strengths and weaknesses, identify any logical fallacies, and evaluate the overall persuasiveness of the argument. They should demonstrate their ability to think critically, assess the validity of arguments, and write in a persuasive and well-supported manner.

GMAT Syllabus for Integrated Reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning (IR) section of the GMAT evaluates a candidate's ability to process and analyze information presented in multiple formats, including tables, graphs, and charts. It consists of 12 multiple-choice questions divided into four question types: Graphic Interpretation, Table Analysis, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Two-Part Analysis. Each question type assesses a specific set of skills and requires the ability to integrate information from different sources to reach a conclusion.

  1. Graphic Interpretation: Analyze data presented in graphs, charts, and diagrams.
  2. Table Analysis: Interpret and compare data from multiple tables.
  3. Multi-Source Reasoning: Synthesize information from diverse sources, including text, tables, and graphs.
  4. Two-Part Analysis: Analyze interrelated information and answer two questions based on the same data set.

GMAT Syllabus for Quantitative Reasoning

The Quantitative Reasoning (QR) section of the GMAT assesses a candidate's ability to analyze data, solve problems, and interpret quantitative information. It consists of 31 multiple-choice questions, which are divided into two question types: Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency.

  1. Problem Solving (PS) - PS questions require you to solve mathematical problems using arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and probability. These problems may involve word problems, equations, graphs, and charts.
  2. Data Sufficiency (DS) -   DS questions present two statements and ask you to determine whether the information provided in the statements is sufficient to answer a specific question. You need to assess whether each statement alone or both statements together are sufficient to answer the question.


Topics Covered in GMAT QR

The GMAT QR section covers a wide range of topics, including:

  • Arithmetic : Fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios, and proportions
  • Algebra  : Equations, inequalities. functions and exponents
  • Geometry : Triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, and other basic geometric shapes
  • Probability : Basic probability concepts (sample space, events, probabilities)

GMAT Syllabus for Verbal Reasoning

The Verbal Reasoning (VR) section of the GMAT assesses a candidate's ability to read, understand, and analyze written English. It consists of 36 multiple-choice questions divided into three question types: Sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, and Reading Comprehension. Each question type focuses on a specific aspect of verbal reasoning and requires the candidate to apply their understanding of language, logic, and argumentation.

  1. Sentence Correction (SC) : Assesses grammar, syntax, word choice, and idiomatic expressions.
  2. Critical Reasoning (CR) : Evaluates arguments, identifies logical fallacies, and assesses persuasiveness.
  3. Reading Comprehension (RC) : Reads passages, understands main ideas, and identifies key information.

GMAT Exam Pattern: Key Highlights

Name of Examination GMAT
Hours 3 hours 7 minutes
Mode Online and offline
Medium English
Score 200-800
Purpose MBA

Analytical Writing

Integrated Reasoning

Quantitative Aptitude Section

Verbal Reasoning Section

Eligibility Graduate
Attempts Multiple times

Tips for Preparing for the GMAT

  • Start studying early and allow yourself enough time to prepare.
  • Take a practice test to get a sense of the exam format and pattern.
  • Use a variety of study resources, such as books, websites, and online courses.
  • Consider hiring a tutor to help you prepare for the exam.

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