MBBS Syllabus ( Section-Wise): Course Structure, Admission Requirements, Specialisations

MBBS Syllabus ( Section-Wise): Course Structure, Admission Requirements, Specialisations

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By Prabhadri Suman|Updated On - 2023-08-18 10:42:40

Learn about the MBBS syllabus, course structure, admission requirements, and specializations. Get a comprehensive understanding of the curriculum to excel in your medical career.

MBBS Syllabus ( Section-Wise): Course Structure, Admission Requirements, Specialisations

Topics Covered:

  • MBBS Overview
  • MBBS Subjects
  • MBBS Course Structure
  • Syllabus for MBBS Course
  • MBBS Syllabus - 12 Months Rotatory Internship
  • Popular MBBS Specializations
  • Admission Requirements for MBBS
  • MBBS Scope
  • Conclusion

In medicine, MBBS, or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is a highly valued professional qualification. Prior to applying to MBBS program, students must learn about its curriculum, syllabus, and topics. Students aspiring to be doctors must comprehensively understand the MBBS curriculum to excel in their medical careers.

To pursue this degree program, candidates must have successfully completed their 12th-grade exams with BiPC subjects. This blog highlights essential aspects, including the subjects covered in MBBS education, course curriculum, esteemed universities offering this program, admission requirements, and available specializations.

MBBS Overview

The MBBS course is a professional degree program that focuses on training individuals in the field of Medical Sciences. Many students aspire to obtain this prestigious degree, which demands significant effort and commitment. The MBBS program lasts for five–6 years and covers a whole lot of topics, including pediatrics, human anatomy, and surgical strategies. The MBBS syllabus is divided into 9-11 semesters, each lasting 6 months. In the final year of the MBBS, students must complete an internship program at a hospital to further develop their skills. Overall, the MBBS degree provides a comprehensive education in medical sciences and prepares individuals for a healthcare career.

MBBS Full Form Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
MBBS duration 5 years 6 months
MBBS Entrance Test  NEET
Total Syllabus 19 subjects
MBBS Option Abroad USA, UK, Germany, Canada

MBBS Subjects

Check out the subjects included in the MBBS Course.

Anatomy Dermatology Physiology
Psychiatry Gynecology Pediatrics
Obstetrics and Gynecology Community Medicine Forensic Medicine
Surgery and allied subjects Pathology Clinical postings
Pharmacology Anesthesiologist Microbiology
Radiology Ophthalmology OPDs

MBBS Course Structure

The Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical phases of the MBBS program each run five years and six months. Each phase, is further divided into semesters, and focuses on a separate set of topics. The design of the course ensures a smooth transition from fundamental sciences to clinical application.

Syllabus for MBBS Course

The MBBS syllabus is extensive and comprehensively covers the core concepts of Medicine and Surgery. The MBBS curriculum strives to teach students the knowledge of numerous medical specialties they need to succeed in the field of medicine as well as the necessary skills.

Phase Semesters Subjects covered
Pre-Clinical 1-2 semesters Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physiology
Para-Clinical 3-5 semesters Community Medicine, Pharmacology, Forensic Medicine, OPDs, Pathology, Microbiology, Clinical postings
Clinical 6-9  semesters Obstetrics and Gynecology, Community Medicine, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Pediatrics, Clinical postings, Surgery, and allied subjects,

Pre-Clinical:  The pre-clinical studies of an MBBS degree program consist of the first two semesters and cover subjects such as Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry,  Biophysics, and more. This phase provides a solid foundation in healthcare's basic concepts and fundamentals. It is essential to pass this phase to progress to the next stage of the degree.

Pre-Clinical Subjects include      

  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology

Para-Clinical:  After completing the initial stage, the degree program progresses to a para-clinical level spanning three semesters. During this phase, students will be exposed to various subjects such as Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, and gain practical experience through clinical postings and OPDs.

Para-Clinical Subjects include      

  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Clinical:  The clinical phase is the final part of the MBBS syllabus, which lasts from the 5th to 9th semester. During this phase, students focus on studying specializations in medicine and surgery. The topics of obstetrics and gynecology, and psychiatry.  dermatology and pediatrics are covered in the syllabus. It also covers subjects like anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, and Orthopedics related to surgery.

Clinical Subjects include      

  • Medicine and Allied Subjects
  • Surgery and Allied Subjects
  • Obstetrics and Genecology
  • Pediatrics
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopedics
  • Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
  • Community Medicine
  • Dermatology and Venereology
  • Psychiatry

MBBS Syllabus - 12 Months Rotatory Internship

Completing a one-year rotatory internship is crucial for MBBS students to finish their course successfully. This internship provides candidates with practical experience and teaches them how to maintain relationships with patients. The internship focuses on hands-on experience, and each candidate will have a daily logbook maintained by the department.  Students develop clinical skills under the guidance of experienced doctors that are crucial for their future careers. The postings during the internship will change periodically according to a predefined scheme.

Specialty       Duration      
Medicine 1.5 months
Surgery 1.5 months
Rural 3 months
Obstetrics and Genecology 1 month
Pediatrics  1 month
Casualty 1 month
Ophthalmology 15 days
Anesthesiology  15 days
Elective 2 months
Total       12 months      

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Popular MBBS Specializations

MBBS graduates can specialize in various medical fields by pursuing postgraduate courses. This specialization enables doctors to acquire expertise and deliver specialized care to patients.

Check out some of the most popular MBBS specializations:      

  • General Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • General Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Psychiatry
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopedics
  • ENT
  • Anesthesiology
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Neuro Surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • Endocrinology
  • Nephrology
  • Cardiology
  • Immunology
  • Pathologist
  • Craniologist
  • Clinical Hematology
  • Pediatric Surgery

Admission Requirements for MBBS

To pursue an MBBS degree, aspiring candidates in India must meet specific admission requirements. 

  • An essential requirement is to qualify for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), a common entrance exam for medical courses. 
  • Apart from this, candidates must have successfully completed their 12th-grade education with the necessary subjects, typically Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. 
  • These prerequisites ensure that candidates possess the knowledge and skills necessary to excel in medicine. By meeting these criteria, candidates can embark on their journey towards becoming medical professionals.
Particulars Details
NEET Qualifying Exams Passed 12th with Physics, Chemistry Biology from a recognized institute
Minimum Age Requirement for NEET 17 years
MBBS Entrance exams NEET
Qualifying Marks General- 50%, OBC/ST/SC - 40%, PwD - 45%

Understanding the eligibility requirements is essential if you're considering studying MBBS abroad. The following criteria are essential for applicants to fulfill: Some institutions may also demand a minimum grade point average (GPA) or results of standardized exams like  SAT or ACT. Since English is the primary medium of instruction in MBBS programs, candidates must show results of English language exams like the TOEFL or IELTS. Some nations, like Australia, Canada, and the USA, might ask for tests like the MCAT.

MBBS Scope

After completing the various years of the MBBS program, individuals have several opportunities to earn in different areas. These areas offer a broad scope for growth and professional development.

  • One area where MBBS graduates can find employment is in hospitals and healthcare institutions. They can work as junior doctors or medical officers.
  • They can opt for postgraduate courses and become cardiology, neurology, or orthopedics specialists.
  • They can join research institutions or universities as research associates or lecturers.
  • There are options to work in government health departments or NGOs.
  • MBBS graduates can start their own private practice. 

A better scope can be gained by students in the following areas:      

  • Hospitals
  • Nursing homes
  • Laboratories
  • Biomedical companies
  • Medical colleges
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Health centers


Before classes start, applicants should familiarize themselves with the MBBS syllabus to improve their academic performance. The MBBS curriculum is also beneficial for medical professionals who wish to pursue postgraduate medical programs like the Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), Master of Surgery (M.Ch), etc. Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical are the three topic headings that comprise the bulk of the MBBS curriculum. Microbiology, biochemistry, anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, and pathology are all covered in the MBBS course.

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